We just wrapped up the first phase of our project for our architectural drawing unit, which was called Transform. This first phase began by doing an analysis of a canonical architectural project. Each student approached this by creating diagrams to transform the architectural drawings that describe a subject building, as we were each given 2 floor plans of important twentieth century houses. This phase will lead into the next phase, where we will then create an axonometric projection. See pictures and more after the jump!
Our instructor, Sean Finn, gave us this introduction to the project stating that, "The ability to graphically represent ideas is of primary importance for an architect regardless of whether it is on trace paper in the design studio or on a napkin in a restaurant. Drawing is communication. You will discover that the craft of drawing is important in your presentations but, more fundamentally, it is important for the development of ideas. It is not a mere descriptive process, but a generative one as well."
We started by creating an orthogonal grid overlay (graphite on tracing paper) by drawing a horizontal and vertical line through every intersection in the plan. This helped us start to get an understanding of the different relationships througout the plan. We then created a black/white figure/ground composition by filling in, or 'pochet-ing' sections of the grid based on the relationship that we wanted to convey, and by creating rules for the different overlaps.
After doing several drawings for each plan, we narrowed it down to two promising drawings from each plan and composited the two into one diagram, creating again more rules for the overlaps of the two previous diagrams.
Below is my first single diagram for the floor plan of Peter Eisenman's House VI. In this diagram I projected all of the thick walls in the floor plan along their X and Y axis and created rules for when they overlapped. For example all projections were shaded black, and when two overlapped it inversed and became white.
The next single diamgram that I did for House VI was based on all of the completely closed square and rectangle shapes in the floor plan. Square shapes were projected in all directions of the X and Y axis and the rectangle shapes were projected along their longer axis. When two overlapped it became white. When three overlapped I shaded a square/rectangle inside the quadrant with a 1/16" white border around it. When four overlapped I shaded inside the quadrant only 1/16" all the way around, creating an open white square or rectangle inside. When five overlapped, I shaded the left half of the quadrant.
Below is the composite of the two single diagrams for House VI with the rules that whenever two black's overlap they inverse and create a white space.
The second floor plan that I diagramed was Le Corbusier's plan of Villa Stein. My first single diagram was based on the relationship of the door swings and projected in the direction of the swing, with the exception of the double doors which was projected in both directions to show hierarchy. When two overlapped it became white. When three overlapped I shaded the right half of the quadrant.
My second single diagram was based on the dashed lines in the floor plan, which represent in a plan that something is above or below. The vertical dashed lines were projected to the right and the horizontal dashed lines were projected upward. When two overlapped it became white. When three overlapped I shaded the bottom right quarter. When four overlapped I chose to shade the inside square/rectangle of the quadrant while leaving a 1/8" white border around it.
Below shows the composite for the two single diagrams of Corbusier's plan.
Below showcases the diagrams of my classmate Julie Ehrlich. Julie's first floor plan was the Jacobs House by Frank Lloyd Wright. She chose to project all the walls in their x-axis on her first single diagram, shown below.
For her second single diagram she projected all the doors towards the exterior in the direction of their swing.
Below is the composite of the two singles of the Jacobs House.
For her second diagram she projected the windows towards the interior passing through doors when applicable.
Below shows the composite of the two for the Lange House.
Stay tuned for Phase 2!